Norfolk has a total area of 10.78 square miles, of which 10.69 square miles is land and 0.09 square miles is water.
Norfolk is located at 42°1′42″N 97°26′01″W (42.0283379, -97.4169964).
The original name of the colony was a variant of “North Fork”, but accounts differ on the exact name: “Northfork”, “Nor’fork”, and “Nordfork” are all suggested. The name was submitted to federal postal authorities, and at some point was transmuted to “Norfolk”.
The North Fork settlement was named the county seat in 1867. In 1875 a series of elections changed this. In the first of these Norfolk, which at the time had 45 voters, was eliminated. In a subsequent election, Madison was chosen over Battle Creek.
Norfolk was initially explored by three scouts from a German Lutheran settlement in 1865.
Norfolk was incorporated as a village in 1881.
Norfolk sits in the heart of the Elkhorn Valley, with the Sand Hills lying to the west and farmland to the east.
The estimated population of Norfolk is 24,967, as of 2021.
Norfolk is the principal city of the Norfolk Micropolitan Statistical Area, in Madison County, Nebraska.
The economy of Norfolk is depends primarily on agriculture, manufacturing, and food distribution.