Facts About Salem
Salem is the capital of the U.S. state of Oregon and the county seat of Marion County.
One of Oregon’s premier cultural events is the annual Salem Art Fair & Festival.
Salem was founded in 1842.
Salem became the capital of the Oregon Territory in 1851 and was incorporated in 1857.
Salem has a population of 174,365, as of 2019, making it the second-largest city in the state after Portland.
The State of Oregon is the largest public employer in the city, and Salem Health is the largest private employer.
The first people of European descent arrived in the area as early as 1812; they were animal trappers and food gatherers for the fur trading companies in Astoria, Oregon.
Oregon has had three capitol buildings in Salem. The first was built in 1855 and burned to the ground after only two months. The second was built in 1876 and lasted until 1935 when it, too, caught fire and burned down.
Salem is twinned with the following sister cities Tamil Nadu, India; Kawagoe, Saitama, Japan & Gimhae, South Gyeongsang, South Korea.
The 31st U.S. President Herbert Hoover resided in Salem for three years.