Szeged is the third-largest city of Hungary, the largest city and regional centre of the Southern Great Plain and the county seat of Csongrád-Csanád county.
The University of Szeged is one of the most distinguished universities in Hungary.
The Szeged Open Air Festival, first held in 1931, is one of the main attractions, held every summer and celebrated as the Day of the City on 21 May.
The name Szeged might come from an old Hungarian word for ‘corner’ (szeg), pointing to the turn of the river Tisza that flows through the city. Others say it derives from the Hungarian word sziget which means ‘island’.
Szeged and its area have been inhabited since ancient times. Ptolemy mentions the oldest known name of the city: Partiscum.
The name Szeged was first mentioned in 1183, in a document of King Béla III.
Szeged is one of the centres of the food industry in Hungary.
Szeged was the last seat of the revolutionary government in July 1849. The Habsburg rulers punished the leaders of the town, but later Szeged began to prosper again; the railway reached it in 1854, and the town got its free royal town status back in 1860.
Szeged is twinned with Cambridge, England, United Kingdom; Darmstadt, Germany; Kotor, Montenegro; Larnaca, Cyprus; Liège, Belgium; Łódź, Poland; Nice, France; Odessa, Ukraine; Parma, Italy; Pula, Croatia; Rakhiv, Ukraine; Subotica, Serbia; Târgu Mureș, Romania; Timișoara, Romania; Toledo, United States; Turku, Finland & Weinan, China.
Szeged lies on the banks of Tisza river. The western side is generally referred to as “Szeged”, while the newer eastern side is called “Új-szeged” (“New Szeged”).