Vitebsk developed from a river harbour where the Vićba River flows into the larger Western Dvina, which is spanned in the city by the Kirov Bridge.
Vitebsk is the capital city of the Vitebsk Region, in Belarus.
In June 1992, a monument to Chagall was erected on his native Pokrovskaja Street and a memorial inscription was placed on the wall of his house.
Vitebsk is Belarus’s fourth-largest city.
The official year of the founding of Vitebsk is 974, based on an anachronistic legend of founding by Olga of Kyiv, but the first mention in historical records dates from 1021, when Yaroslav the Wise of Kyiv gave it to Bryachislav Izyaslavich, Prince of Polotsk.
Vitebsk served by Vitebsk Vostochny Airport and Vitebsk Air Base.
The main universities of Vitebsk are Vitebsk State Technological University, Vitebsk State Medical University and Vitebsk State University named in honour of Pyotr Masherov.
In January 1991 Vitebsk celebrated the first Marc Chagall Festival.
The estimated Population of Vitebsk is 362,466.
In 1919, Vitebsk was made a part of the Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia. Then it was transferred to the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, In 1924, it was returned to Belarus.