Fascinating Facts About Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad is the administrative centre of Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea.
Kaliningrad was formally known as Königsberg (1254 to 1945) and was the capital city of the German province of East Prussia.
The Population of Kaliningrad is mostly Russian. 87.4% Russian, 3.8% Belarusian and 4% Ukrainian, 0.7% Armenian and 0.5% Tatar.
Kaliningrad is a seaport city and Russian exclave situated between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea.
The most famous person to be born in Königsberg was a German Philosopher Immanuel Kant. When Königsberg became Russian for the first time in the 18th century, Kant took an oath to the Russian Empress.
Kaliningrad has about 185 rainy days a year.
Russia had two Kaliningrad’s from 1946 til 1996, the other Kaliningrad was near Moscow and was later renamed to Korolyov.
Kaliningrad region is famous for its production of amber. possesses over 90% of the world’s amber.
Kaliningrad got its name in 1946 in honour of famous Soviet communistic activist Mikhail Kalinin. The Second part of name “grad” means “city”.
Most of Königsberg was destroyed during World War II and was rebuilt in the style of a traditional Soviet city, however, some of the German architecture remains.
Kaliningrad is headquarters of the Russian Baltic Fleet.
Kaliningrad is split into 3 districts: Leningradsky (Ленинградский), Moskovsky (Московский) and Tsentralny (Центральный).
Kaliningrad is closer to Berlin (527km) and Prague (659km) than it is to Moscow (1289km) and St. Petersburg (797km).
The Kaliningrad region covers an area of 15,000 square kilometres.
The first ever book printed in Lithuanian language, the Catechism, It was printed on 8 January 1547 by Hans Weinreich in Königsberg. only 200 copies were printed and only two copies survived. one is stored in the Nicolaus Copernicus University Library in Toruń, Poland, and the other is in the Vilnius University Library in Lithuania.
Kaliningrad’s Curonian Spit is a UNESCO World Heritage Site: inscription since 2000.