Charlottetown is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island, and the county seat of Queens County.
Charlottetown was renamed in honour of Queen Charlotte, wife of George after the island passed to Britain in 1763.
Charlottetown was an unincorporated town until it was incorporated as a city in 1855.
was the site of the famous Charlottetown Conference in 1864, the first gathering of Canadian and Maritime statesmen to discuss the proposed Maritime Union.
The city adopted as its motto Cunabula Foederis, “Birthplace of Confederation”.
Charlottetown occupies 17.1 square miles / 44.33 square kilometres.
The oldest graveyard in the city on official record is the Old Protestant Burying Ground on University Avenue, which opened in 1784.
The Confederation Bridge that joins the two provinces of Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick, is the longest bridge in the world over ice-covered waters.
The first European settlers in the area were French; personnel from Fortress Louisbourg founded a settlement in 1720 named Port La Joye on the southwestern part of the harbour opposite the present-day city. This settlement was led by Michel Haché-Gallant, who used his sloop to ferry Acadian settlers from Louisbourg.
On April 17, 1855, Charlottetown was incorporated as a city.
On April 1, 1995, Charlottetown amalgamated with the Town of Parkdale and the incorporated communities of East Royalty, Hillsborough Park, Sherwood, West Royalty, and Winsloe.
Charlottetown elevation is 0 to 161 ft above sea level.
Charlottetown has only ever had one female mayor — Dorothy Corrigan, a former nurse, who wore the chain of office from 1968 to 1972
Charlottetown is situated on its namesake harbour, which is formed by the confluence of three rivers in the central part of the island’s south shore.
There are 11 National Historic Sites of Canada in Charlottetown.
The three largest employers for which Charlottetown serves as headquarters are the provincial health and wellness authority Charlottetown Health Region, City of Charlottetown and Charlottetown Board of Education.
The Estimated Population of Charlottetown is 36,094.
Charlottetown was the site for the world’s longest softball game.
The highest temperature ever recorded in Charlottetown was 36.7 °C on 19 August 1935. The coldest temperature ever recorded was −32.8 °C on 29 January 1877.
The city is frequently referred to as the “birthplace of Canada.”