Facts About Calgary
Calgary is a city in the western Canadian province of Alberta.
Calgary is situated at the confluence of the Bow River and the Elbow River in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie.
The Estimated Population of Calgary is 1,581,000, as of 2021.
Calgary has a world-class public library. It’s the sixth most used library in North America.
Calgary was named after Calgary on the Isle of Mull, Scotland, United Kingdom. In turn, the name originates from a compound of kald and gart, similar Old Norse words, meaning “cold” and “garden”, likely used when named by the Vikings who inhabited the Inner Hebrides.
Calgary’s economy includes activity in the energy, financial services, film and television, transportation and logistics, technology, manufacturing, aerospace, health and wellness, retail, and tourism sectors.
The Calgary Zoo is rated the third-best in North America.
The City of Calgary, 848 km2 in size, consists of an inner-city surrounded by suburban communities of various density.
The Calgary area was inhabited by pre-Clovis people whose presence has been traced back at least 11,000 years.
The newest pedestrian bridge in Calgary is the Peace Bridge. Designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, the bridge is unique, red and made of 850-metric-tonne steel.
The Calgary Metropolitan Region is home to Canada’s second-highest number of corporate head offices among the country’s 800 largest corporations.
Calgary is the sixth-largest television market in Canada.
The Calgary Stampede features the largest rodeo in the world.
The wind in Calgary is often called a Chinook. It’s a hot, dry wind that comes from the west over the Rocky Mountains.
There are 88 days of the year on average with snow on the ground.
The City of Calgary maintains trade development programs, cultural and educational partnerships in twinning agreements with six cities: Quebec City, Canada; Jaipur, India; Naucalpan, Mexico; Daqing, China; Daejeon, South Korea and Phoenix, United States of America.
The coldest temperature ever recorded was -45°C (-49ºF) in F°ebruary, 1893.
Restaurateur Walter Chell invented the cocktail in 1969 to celebrate the opening of a new Italian restaurant in Calgary.
The warmest day ever recorded was 36.1°C (97°F) in July 1919.
John Glenn was the first documented European settler in the Calgary area, in 1873.
There is no provincial sales tax in Calgary.
There are 14 towers that are at least 150 metres or taller in downtown Calgary.
Calgary has four major adult acute care hospitals and one major pediatric acute care site: the Alberta Children’s Hospital, the Foothills Medical Centre, the Peter Lougheed Centre, the Rockyview General Hospital and the South Health Campus.
The Bow is Calgary’s tallest office tower and the 8th tallest building in Canada.
Calgary has two professional sports teams: the Calgary Flames and the Calgary Stampeders.
In 1988, Calgary became the first Canadian city to host the Winter Olympic Games.
The city anchors the south end of what Statistics Canada defines as the “Calgary–Edmonton Corridor”.
There are more volunteers per capita than any other Canadian city.
The Calgary Fire of 1886 occurred on November 7, 1886, Fourteen buildings were destroyed.
Calgary is the third most diverse major city in Canada with more than 120 languages spoken in the city.
Oil was first discovered in Alberta in 1902, Calgary quickly found itself at the centre of the ensuing oil boom.
In July 2007, the city annexed Shepard, a former hamlet, and placed its boundaries adjacent to the Hamlet of Balzac and City of Chestermere.
The Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Calgary the most livable city in North America in both 2018 and 2019.
In 1997 Calgary hosted The World Police & Fire Games hosting over 16,000 athletes from all over the world.
Downtown Calgary is about 1,045 m (3,428 ft) above sea level.
The median age in Calgary is a sprightly 36 years.
Calgary’s daily newspapers include the Calgary Herald, Calgary Sun, and StarMetro.
Calgary is Canada’s sunniest city, with 333 average sunshine days per year.
The oldest park in Calgary, Central Memorial Park, dates back to 1911.
Naheed Nenshi is the first Muslim to become a mayor in Canada.