Alabama State Profile

State of Alabama


Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States, known as the “Heart of Dixie”, with a rich history and promising future.

Alabama’s name is derived from the Choctaw word “alba amo,” meaning “vegetation pickers” or “thicket-clearers,” a testament to the rich natural resources that have long drawn people to this land.

The state’s capital, Montgomery, is a vibrant city steeped in history, serving as the birthplace of the Civil Rights Movement and home to landmarks such as the Rosa Parks Museum and the Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist Church.

Meanwhile, Birmingham, Alabama’s largest city, is a bustling metropolis known for its cultural institutions, thriving arts scene, and culinary delights.

Alabama Stats and Facts

Overview of Alabama
NicknameThe Yellowhammer State and The Heart of Dixie
Population5.074 million, as of 2022
Capital CityMontgomery
Biggest CityBirmingham
Total Area52,420 square miles
StateHood14th December 1819
Motto“Audemus jura nostra defendere” – We dare defend our rights

Education and Innovation

Alabama is home to several prestigious universities and research institutions, including the University of Alabama, Auburn University, and the Huntsville-based U.S. Space & Rocket Center.

These institutions not only contribute to the state’s academic excellence but also drive innovation in fields such as aerospace, engineering, and biotechnology.


Alabamas Geography
Alabamas Geography

The northern part of Alabama is characterized by the southernmost extension of the Appalachian Mountains. This region features rugged terrain, dense forests, and scenic vistas. The highest point in Alabama, Mount Cheaha, is located in the Appalachian foothills.

the Tennessee Valley is defined by the Tennessee River and its tributaries. This area is known for its fertile farmland and is home to cities like Huntsville and Florence.

South of the Appalachian Mountains lies the Piedmont Plateau, a region of rolling hills and valleys.

The central and southern parts of Alabama are primarily characterized by the Coastal Plain, which extends from the Gulf of Mexico to the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. This region features flat terrain, rivers, and swamps. The Black Belt region, named for its dark, fertile soil, is located within the Coastal Plain and is known for its agricultural productivity.

Alabama’s southernmost region is the Gulf Coast, which stretches along the Gulf of Mexico. This area is known for its white sandy beaches, warm climate, and seafood industry. Popular coastal cities include Mobile, Gulf Shores, and Orange Beach.

Alabama is home to numerous rivers, including the Tennessee River, the Alabama River, and the Mobile River. These waterways not only provide recreational opportunities but also support transportation, industry, and agriculture.

Alabama’s Brief Timeline History

Pre-1492The lands now recognized as Alabama were once home to a variety of Native American tribes, such as the Cherokee, Choctaw, and Creek.
1540Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto ventured into the region, establishing contact with Native American tribes during his exploration.
1702The French establish the first permanent European settlement in Alabama at Fort Louis de la Mobile.
1763Following the French and Indian War, Britain assumed control of the territory east of the Mississippi River, encompassing Alabama.
1813-1814The Creek War takes place, culminating in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend where Andrew Jackson defeats the Creek Nation.
1819Alabama becomes the 22nd state to join the Union on December 14.
1830sThe forced removal of Native American tribes, including the Cherokee along the Trail of Tears, occurs as part of the Indian Removal Act.
1861-1865During the American Civil War, Alabama seceded from the Union and aligned itself with the Confederacy. Significant battles, including the Battle of Mobile Bay and the Battle of Selma, unfolded on Alabama’s soil.
1865The Civil War ends with the defeat of the Confederacy. Alabama faces Reconstruction and economic challenges.


States of Alabama

Neighbouring States

Alabama is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west.

Mississippi FlagFlag of Tennessee
Flag of Georgia (U.S._state)Florida Flag
State of Alabama
State of Alabama