England Country Profile

England Country Profile

England is a country, which shares land borders with Wales to the West and Scotland to the North, The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the Southwest, England is part of Great Britain and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England is the largest country in Great Britain, covering five-eighths of the Island.

The United Kingdom is a union of individual countries of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales.

The Kingdom of England, which included Wales in 1535, stopped being a separate sovereign state on May 1st, 1707, when the Acts of Union, were put into place, which is an agreement in the Treaty of Union, which resulted in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland, Creating the Kingdom of Great Britain.

In 1801 Great Britain once again united with the Kingdom of Ireland, however, in 1922, the Irish Free State withdraw from the United Kingdom, which created The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and its reigning monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, The Head of state of 15 other Commonwealth realms, which includes Australia, Canada, New Zealand and Jamaica.

In the 19th Century, Great Britain was the world’s dominant industrial and maritime power, The Union was a huge role in the development of modern democracies.

The United Kingdom is the fifth-largest economy in the World, the Second Largest in Europe and has one of the world’s most powerful and respected militaries.

England Stats and Facts

Capital London
GDP$3.02 trillion USD
Area130,279 km²
median age40.7

England’s Brief Timeline History

897Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, defeats the Vikings.
1066Conquest of England by William, Duke of Normandy.
1485Henry VII is crowned king after defeating Richard III.
1509Henry VIII succeeds to the throne. Papal authority in England is abolished; the monarch becomes the Supreme Head of the Church of England.
1536Act of Union joins England and Wales.
1603James VI of Scotland is crowned James I of England.
1721Sir Robert Walpole becomes Britain’s first prime minister.
1953Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II at Westminster Abbey.


Facts Engalnd, United Kingdom

Learn About England

England is a country located in the southern part of Great Britain, which is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean. England has a diverse economy, with major industries including finance, manufacturing, and tourism.

British Passport

British passports are passports issued by the United Kingdom to those holding any form of British nationality. There are different types of British nationality and different types of British passports as a result. British citizen passports have been issued by Her Majesty’s Passport Office in the UK since 2006.


  • Expires every 10 Years if you are 16 years old and over.
  • Expires every 5 Years if you are under 16 years old.

Neighbouring Countries

Wales FlagScotland Flag
England Country Profile
England Country Profile