Onchan, Isle of Man
Onchan is a village and electoral ward on the Isle of Man, a self-governing British Crown dependency located between Great Britain and Ireland in the Irish Sea. With a population of around 9,000 people, Onchan is the second-largest town on the Isle of Man.
The village is located on the island’s east coast, just a few miles from the capital city of Douglas. Onchan has a long history dating back to the Neolithic period, and the area is rich in Viking and mediaeval archaeological sites.
Onchan is now a popular tourist destination, with attractions like the Onchan Pleasure Park, the Groudle Glen Railway, and Molly Carooin’s Cottage museum. The village is also well-known for its sports facilities, which include the Onchan Raceway and the Onchan Stadium, which serve as the home of the Onchan Football Club.
The Onchan District Commissioners are responsible for providing local services such as refuse collection, street lighting, and parks and recreation facilities. The village has a strong sense of community and is home to many local clubs and societies, such as the Onchan Women’s Institute, the Onchan Rotary Club, and the Onchan Youth and Community Centre.
What was Onchan Founded?
It is difficult to pinpoint an exact date for the founding of Onchan because the area has a long history of human habitation dating back to the Neolithic period. However, the village was already established by the time of the Viking invasions in the 9th century, as evidenced by the numerous Viking archaeological sites in the area. Over time, Onchan developed into a prosperous agricultural community, with several farms and smallholdings in the area. With the establishment of new housing estates and the growth of the Isle of Man’s tourism industry in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the village gradually evolved into a more urban area. Today, Onchan is a thriving community with a rich history and a vibrant culture.
Geography Of Onchan
Onchan is a village on the east coast of the Isle of Man, a self-governing British Crown dependency located between Great Britain and Ireland in the Irish Sea. The village is located on a narrow strip of land between the Garff hills and the coast, stretching for approximately 4 kilometres along the coast.
To the north is the town of Douglas, and to the south is the village of Baldrine. The village is mostly residential, with a mix of newer developments, traditional cottages, and large historic homes.
Onchan’s geography is diverse, with rugged hills to the north and a flat coastal plain to the south. The village is near the mouth of the Onchan River, which empties into the Irish Sea at Onchan Bay. Onchan Bay is a popular spot for watersports and recreation, and it is home to the popular amusement park Onchan Pleasure Park.
The Garff hills, which are part of the larger Manx hills range, surround the village inland from the coast. These hills provide hiking and outdoor recreation opportunities, as well as several nature reserves and wildlife habitats. The hills also serve as a picturesque backdrop for the village and provide panoramic views of the surrounding area.
History Of Onchan
Onchan’s history dates back to prehistoric times. The area was inhabited during the Neolithic period, according to archaeological evidence, and several burial sites and standing stones have been discovered in the surrounding hills.
Onchan was a key strategic location on the Isle of Man during the Viking Age. The Vikings settled in the area and built several fortifications, including Cassafield’s earthwork fort and the nearby Viking ship burial site at Ballachrink.
Onchan was a rural agricultural community with several farms and smallholdings in the area during the mediaeval period. The village remained a small settlement until the nineteenth century when the growth of the Isle of Man’s tourism industry resulted in the development of new housing estates and the establishment of several tourist attractions in the area.
The arrival of the Manx Electric Railway in 1899 was one of the most significant events in Onchan’s history. This railway line connected Onchan with Douglas and other parts of the island, and it was instrumental in the development of the local tourism industry.
Onchan grew and developed throughout the twentieth century, with the construction of new housing estates and the expansion of local services and amenities. Onchan is now a thriving community with a colourful history and culture. There are numerous local clubs and societies in the village, and there is a strong sense of community spirit.
Onchan has a rich history and there are several historical sites in the area that visitors can explore. Here are some of the top historical sites in Onchan:
- Onchan Old Church: Onchan Old Church is a historic church located in the village of Onchan on the Isle of Man. The church is one of the oldest surviving buildings on the island, dating back to the 12th century. It is dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul.
- Groudle Glen: This scenic glen is home to several historic buildings and structures, including the Groudle Glen Railway and a 19th-century water-powered sawmill. The glen features a picturesque stream, wooded areas, and several historic buildings and structures.
- Molly Carooin’s Cottage is a historic museum located in the village of Kirk Onchan on the Isle of Man. The museum is dedicated to the life and times of a local fisherman’s wife named Molly Carooin, who lived in the 19th century.
- Peel Castle is a historic castle located in the town of Peel and dates back to the 11th century. It was once the seat of the Lords of Mann and has a rich history.
- Castle Rushen is a historic castle located in the town of Castletown and dates back to the 13th century. It was once the seat of the Kings and Lords of Mann.
- The House of Manannan is a museum in Peel that explores the history and culture of the Isle of Man, with exhibits on everything from Viking invasions to modern-day life on the island.
Onchan’s economy is diverse, with a mix of businesses, industries, and services. The village is mostly residential, with a mix of newer developments, traditional cottages, and large historic homes. Many Onchan residents commute to other parts of the island for work, particularly the nearby town of Douglas, which is the largest employment centre on the Isle of Man.
Onchan is a popular tourist destination, with attractions such as the Onchan Pleasure Park, the Groudle Glen Railway, and Molly Carooin’s Cottage museum. These attractions attract visitors to the village, which helps local businesses like restaurants, cafes, and shops.
Onchan also has a thriving sports and leisure industry, with several facilities in the area, including the Onchan Raceway and the Onchan Stadium, which serves as the home of the Onchan Football Club. Local businesses such as sports equipment suppliers, sports clubs, and sports coaches benefit from these facilities.
The retail sector in the village is thriving, with several shopping centres and supermarkets nearby. Onchan also has a robust service sector, with businesses offering healthcare, education, and financial services. Financial services, technology, and healthcare are among the highest-paying industries in the Isle of Man. Salaries in these industries can range between £25,000 and well over £100,000 per year, depending on the role and level of experience.
The Isle of Man is well-known for its favourable tax environment, which has attracted many international businesses. While Onchan lacks a significant financial services industry, it is close to the island’s financial centre in Douglas, which is home to many international banks and financial services firms.
Onchan and nearby Attractions
Onchan is a village on the Isle of Man, which is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea. Many attractions and points of interest in the village and surrounding area attract visitors from all over the world. Here are some of the best things to do in and around Onchan:
- Onchan Pleasure Park is a well-known amusement park that offers rides, games, and attractions for people of all ages.
- The Groudle Glen Railway is a historic narrow-gauge railway that runs through a picturesque glen and provides views of the coast.
- Molly Carooin’s Cottage is a museum that chronicles the life and times of a local 19th-century fisherwoman.
- Tynwald Hill: A nearby historic site where the Isle of Man’s parliament has met for over a thousand years.
- Peel Castle is a historic castle in Peel with panoramic views of the coast and surrounding countryside.
- Calf of Man: A small island off the southern coast of the Isle of Man with a nature reserve and seabird breeding colonies.
- The Isle of Man Motor Museum, located in Jurby, is a museum dedicated to the history of motorsport and automotive engineering.
- The Laxey Wheel is a historic water wheel located in the village of Laxey, and it is the world’s largest working waterwheel.
- The Snaefell Mountain Railway is a historic railway that runs to the summit of Snaefell Mountain, where visitors can enjoy panoramic views of the island and the Irish Sea.