Siena City Profile
Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. It is the capital of the province of Siena.
The historic centre of Siena has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. It is one of the nation’s most visited tourist attractions, with over 163,000 international arrivals in 2008. Siena is famous for its cuisine, art, museums, medieval cityscape and the Palio, a horse race held twice a year.
Siena, like other Tuscan hill towns, was first settled in the time of the Etruscans, when it was inhabited by a tribe called the Saina. The Etruscans were a tribe of advanced people who changed the face of central Italy through their use of irrigation to reclaim previously unfarmable land, and their custom of building their settlements in well-defended hill forts. A Roman town called Saena Julia was founded at the site in the time of the Emperor Augustus
Facts About Siena
- No Auto Traffic is allowed within the walls of the old city.
- Siena was first established by the Etruscans between 900 and 400 BC.
- In 1861, Siena Joined the Newly United Kingdom Of Italy.
Sienna Sister/Twinned Cities
The nearest international airports to Siena are Peretola Airport in Florence and Galileo Galilei International Airport in Pisa. There are two to three buses daily between Siena and Bologna Airport as well.
A series of escalators connects the train station with the old city on top of the hill.
Almost no automobile traffic is permitted within the city centre. Several large car parks are located immediately outside the city walls.