Texas State Profile

, ,

Texas State Profile

Texas is a state in the South Central region of the United States. Texas is the second-largest state in the United States of America by Area and Population.

Texas shares borders with the states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the country of Mexican and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Texas lies between two major cultural spheres of Pre-Columbian North America: the Southwestern and the Plains areas.

Texas is named after the Caddo word táysha, which means friend and was later spelt Tejas or Texas by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves, specifically the Hasinai Confederacy, the final ‘s’ representing the Spanish plural.

The Republic of Texas made several attempts to negotiate annexation with the United States. Texas was finally annexed when the expansionist James K. Polk won the election of 1844. On December 29, 1845, the U.S. Congress admitted Texas to the U.S. as a constituent state of the Union.

Flags of Texas

Texas Flag
Flag of Texas

Texas, USA Stats and Facts

Statehood granted29 December 1845
Area268,596 SQ. MI.
GDP$1,844 Billion
Population29.53 million (2021)

Texas Brief Timeline History

1820 – 1824Mexico Wins Independence from Spain
March 2, 1836The Republic of Texas
January 01, 1839Austin becomes the capital of Texas
February 19, 1846Texas annexed the United States
1936Texas Celebrates the Centennial



Learn More About Texas

Texas is the second largest state in both land area and population in the United States. Its major cities include Houston, San Antonio, Dallas, and Austin, which is the state capital.

Neighbouring States & Countries

Flag of MexicoNew Mexico FlagOklahoma Flag
Arkansas FlagLouisiana Flag