What is the capital city of California? Sacramento
The capital city of California is Sacramento, The California State Legislature officially moved to Sacramento in 1854 and at the 1879 Constitutional Convention, Sacramento was named the permanent State Capital.
Sacramento lies in the centre of California’s broad and fruitful Sacramento Valley, protected by the Sierra Nevada Mountains to the east, the California Coast Ranges to the west, and the Siskiyou Mountains to the north, Sacramento has mild winters and hot, dry summers.
When did Sacramento become the capital of California?
Sacramento wasn’t the first capital city of California, originally Monterey was the capital of California from 1781 to 1846, after California was admitted as a state to the United States of America the capital was moved first to San Jose in 1849, then the capital was moved to Vallejo in 1852 and finally moved to Sacramento in 1854, and at the 1879 Constitutional Convention, Sacramento was named the permanent State Capital.
Why did Sacramento become the capital?
Sacramento was chosen as the capital city of California for the following reasons:
- Sacramento was the home of the gold rush and became the key destination point for new settlers, which created different types of industries and boosted the economy.
- Sacramento location was both hard to conquer but also situated near the rivers which led to san Franciso and other ports around the state, which increase economic growth on land and the sea.
- The most powerful people in the newly formed state of California lived in Sacramento: John Sutter and John Marshall helped found the city, No new city had to be formed; rather, the state capital could move to an area that had already been established.