There are 51 countries dividing the European Continent, however, there are several other countries that have territories in both Europe and Asia: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russian and Turkey. these countries are considered to be “Transcontinental” with at least a small portions of their countries land to be on multiple continents.
Armenia and Cyprus are politically considered part of the European countries however due to their geographical location they are West Asia territories.
Throughout the centuries the correct borderlines between the two continents of Asia and Europe was a big discussion for politicians and geographers however it is commonly known that the borders are identified by the Ural Mountains in Russian, the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains.
Please note that the Europe continent and The European Union (“EU”,”The eurozone”) are two different things, Europe is a geographic location of countries, however, the European Union is a politico-economic union of 28 countries of Europe.
Europe and the other Borders
Europe is one of the smallest continents, the continent is bordered in the North by the Arctic Ocean, the Southern border is shaped by the Mediterranean Sea and the Eastern Borders is shaped by the Atlantic Ocean, However, the South Eastern borders of Europe is covered by the Ural Mountains, Caucasus Mountains, the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea.
The European has the lowest Average Elevation of any continent.
- The Average Elevation: 300 Meters.
Largest Country in Europe
The Largest country in Europe is Russia, with around 37% of the total continent area. Russia also has the highest population in Europe with over 110 Million people, followed by Germany, United Kingdom and France.
Smallest Country in Europe
The Smallest country in Europe is Vatican City, which only has a small area of landlocked land in the Center of Rome. The second Smallest country is Monaco and third is San Marino.
List of countries in Europe (Alphabetical order)
Bosnia and Herzegovina