Countries In European Union

Countries In European Union

Countries In European Union

The European Union was first considered on the 9th of May 1950 however the first agreement was established in 1957, between six countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.

Throughout the years as the European Union started to expand and many other countries joined, such as Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom, which joined in 1973. currently, the European Union has 27 members.

European Union is not just a single market but also a single market with no borders for trade and the Euro (€) Currency, which is used by 19 member states of the EuroZone.

The Schengen Agreement was first signed in 1985, which allows the free movement of citizens, without passport controls at borders within the Schengen Area. 21 countries within the EU are part of this Agreement.

The newest country to join the European Union is Croatia, which joined on 1 July 2013. The most recent territorial enlargement of the EU was the incorporation of Mayotte in 2014.

Europe Day is celebrated on the 9th of May, every year.

In 2020, the United Kingdom left the European Union

“After the December 2019 election, the British Parliament finally ratified the withdrawal agreement. The UK left the EU at the end of 31 January 2020 CET (11 p.m. GMT).”

Flag of European Union
Flag of European Union

Countries in EU

CountryYear of entrySchengen AgreementEurozone memberUsing Euro (€) Currency
Austria01/01/1995YesYesYes
Belgium01/01/1958YesYesYes
Bulgaria01/01/2007NoNoNo
Croatia01/07/2013NoNoNo
Cyprus01/05/2004NoYesYes
Czech Republic01/05/2004YesNoNo
Denmark01/01/1973YesNoNo
Estonia01/05/2004YesYesYes
Finland01/01/1995YesYesYes
France01/01/1958YesYesYes
Germany01/01/1958YesYesYes
Greece01/01/1981YesYesYes
Hungary01/05/2004YesNoNo
Ireland01/01/1973NoYesYes
Italy01/01/1958YesYesYes
Latvia01/05/2004YesYesYes
Lithuania01/05/2004YesYesYes
Luxembourg01/01/1958YesYesYes
Malta01/05/2004YesYesYes
Netherlands01/01/1958YesYesYes
Poland01/05/2004YesNoNo
Portugal01/01/1986YesYesYes
Romania01/01/2007NoNoNo
Slovakia01/05/2004YesYesYes
Slovenia01/05/2004YesYesYes
Spain01/01/1986YesYesYes
Sweden01/01/1995YesNoNo
United Kingdom01/01/1973NoNoNo

Negotiating

  • Albania
  • Montenegro
  • Serbia
  • North Macedonia
  • Türkiye

Türkiye has been a candidate for European Union membership since 1999 and has since made progress towards meeting the requirements for accession. However, the process has been slow and controversial, with many obstacles and setbacks along the way. Türkiye remained a candidate for EU membership, but the process of accession remained uncertain and subject to ongoing negotiations and disagreements.

Potential candidate

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Kosovo

Other European countries (Not Part of the EU)

Eligible to Join the EU

  • Andorra
  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Georgia
  • Iceland
  • Liechtenstein
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Norway
  • Russia
  • San Marino
  • Switzerland
  • Ukraine
  • Vatican City

On June 23, 2022, Ukraine was granted candidate status by the European Council, which called upon the European Commission to provide a report on Ukraine’s progress in meeting the conditions outlined in the Commission’s opinion on their membership application. This report will be included in the Commission’s regular enlargement package. The Council will then make decisions regarding future steps once all of these conditions have been satisfactorily met.

Countries In European Union
Countries In European Union