Lucerne is a city in central Switzerland, german speaking region, With a population of about 81,592 (as of 2017), Lucerne known for its preserved medieval architecture sits amid snowcapped mountains on Lake Lucerne.
Facts About Lucerne
Lucerne is the capital of the Canton of Lucerne and the District of Lucerne.
The Local German dialect name for Lucerne is Luzern.
The Lucerne is located 436 m above sea level.
Lucerne was for a time the capital of the Helvetic Republic, resuming its status as the cantonal capital in 1803.
The city’s metropolitan area consists of 17 municipalities in three cantons.
The main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German Dialect.
In 1865, the first road was built alongside Lake Lucerne.
Lucerne is twinned with the following towns: Potsdam, Germany since 2002, Olomouc, the Czech Republic since 1994, Murbach, France since 1978, Cieszyn, Poland since 1994, Chicago, Illinois, the United States since 1999 & Bournemouth, the United Kingdom since 1981.
The city’s name was derived from the Benedictine monastery of St. Leodegar (Luciana), founded in the 8th century.
The City’s most famous landmark is the capel bridge known as Kapellbrück, a wooden bridge from the 14th century.
Lucerne holds the title of the most populous town in Central Switzerland.
In June 2007, Lucerne and the adjacent town of Littau agreed to merge in a simultaneous referendum. This took effect on January 1, 2010.
Lucerne is the economic, social and cultural center of central Switzerland.
The municipality has an area of 11.2 sq miles.
An annual festival is held in Lucerne at the Kultur und Kongresszentrum Lucerne.
Lucerne gained full freedom after the Battle of Sempach When the city joined the Swiss Confederation in 1332.
Lake Lucerne often called the “heart of Switzerland” because of its central position, is the 4th largest lake in the country.
Temperatures average 25 °C in summer and -3 °C in winter.
Lucerne is located at the outfall of Lake Lucerne into the river Reuss, which flows from south-east to north-west.
The Lion of Lucerne was built to remember the hundreds of Swiss Guards who were massacred during the French Revolution.