Arkansas State Profile

Arkansas State Profile


Arkansas is a landlocked state in the southeastern region of the United States, known for its scenic beauty, rich history, and diverse culture.

Arkansas has a history dating back thousands of years, with Native American tribes such as the Quapaw and Osage inhabiting the region before European exploration. It became a territory in 1819 and achieved statehood in 1836. Arkansas played a significant role in the Civil War, being a border state with divided loyalties. The state has made strides in civil rights since then, though it faced challenges during the Civil Rights Movement.

Arkansas boasts a vibrant cultural scene influenced by its diverse population. It has a rich musical heritage, especially in genres like bluegrass, country, and blues. The state is also known for its traditional crafts, such as pottery and quilting.

Arkansas Stats and Facts

CapitalLittle Rock
Estimated Population3.046 million (2022)
Area53,179 square miles
NicknameThe Natural State
MottoRegnat Populus, Latin for “The people rule”
State BirdNorthern Mockingbird
State TreeLoblolly Pine

Arkansas Brief Timeline History

TimelineBrief History
Pre-1541Native American tribes, including the Quapaw, Caddo, and Osage, inhabit the region now known as Arkansas.
1541Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto is the first European to reach Arkansas while exploring the Mississippi River.
1686French explorer Henri de Tonti establishes Arkansas Post, the first European settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley.
1803The United States acquired the Arkansas region as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
1819Arkansas becomes a separate territory from Missouri.
1836Arkansas is admitted to the Union as the 25th state, with Little Rock as its capital.
1861-1865Arkansas secedes from the Union and joins the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.
1868Arkansas is readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.
1957Little Rock Central High School becomes a focal point of the Civil Rights Movement when nine African American students, known as the “Little Rock Nine”.
PresentArkansas continues to be a significant player in various industries, including agriculture, manufacturing, and retail.


Arkansas Articles - Hot Springs

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Neighbouring States & Countries

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Arkansas State Profile
Arkansas State Profile