Denmark Country Profile

Denmark Country Profile

Denmark Country Profile

Denmark is officially known as the Kingdom of Denmark, With its charming blend of historic and modern innovation, and a commitment to the well-being of its citizens. Denmark’s rich cultural heritage, exemplified by its timeless contributions to design, literature, and architecture, is complemented by a forward-thinking approach to sustainability, making it a global leader in renewable energy.

Denmark is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. As of my last update in 2021, Queen Margrethe II is the reigning monarch. The country has a parliamentary democracy with a unicameral legislature known as the Folketing.


Denmark has a highly developed and diverse economy, including manufacturing, services, information technology, pharmaceuticals, and renewable energy.

Denmark consistently ranks high in global quality of life indices. The country places a significant emphasis on social welfare, education, and healthcare, contributing to a high standard of living for its residents.

Denmark is an export-oriented economy, and international trade plays a crucial role. Key exports include machinery and equipment, pharmaceuticals, food products, and energy-related products.

Major Danish companies include A.P. Møller-Maersk (shipping and logistics), Novo Nordisk (pharmaceuticals), and Carlsberg (brewing).

Brief Historical Timeline

PrehistoricDenmark has a rich archaeological record dating back to the prehistoric period, with evidence of human habitation and early settlements.
Early Historic PeriodsDenmark, along with Norway and Sweden, experienced the Viking Age, marked by seafaring, trade, and raids.
10th centuryHarald Bluetooth unifies Denmark and parts of Norway.
12th-14th centuriesDenmark established a medieval union with Norway and Sweden known as the Kalmar Union.
18th centuryDenmark underwent a period of absolutism followed by reforms influenced by the Enlightenment.
Early 19th centuryDenmark became involved in the Napoleonic Wars.
1814Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden.
1914-1918Denmark remained neutral during World War I
1918Iceland became a sovereign state under the Danish crown.
1940Germany occupied Denmark during World War II.
1945Denmark was liberated at the end of World War II.
1949Denmark becomes a founding member of NATO
1973Denmark joined the European Economic Community, now the European Union.
21st centuryDenmark continues to be a prosperous and socially progressive nation, with active participation in international affairs and a focus on renewable energy.


The House of Music at night
The House of Music at night

Explore More About Denmark

Denmark is a fascinating country and is the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries. Denmark is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government.

Denmark Statistics

Official NameKingdom of Denmark (Kongeriget Danmark)
Capital CityCopenhagen
GDP$67,769 US$ per capita
Exports$286.56B as of 2022
Population5.857 million
Area42,952 km²
Median age42.2 years

Danish Passport

The Danish passport cover is burgundy red, featuring the words “Kongeriget Danmark” (Kingdom of Denmark) at the top. The Danish coat of arms, consisting of three crowned blue lions accompanied by nine red hearts, is prominently displayed in the centre. The biometric symbol is also present on the front cover, indicating that the passport contains electronic data for identification purposes.

  • Adults (18 years and older): The standard validity of an adult Danish passport is 10 years.
  • Children (under 18 years): For individuals under the age of 18, the passport is typically valid for 5 years.

The strength of a passport is typically measured by the number of countries and territories that its holders can visit without a visa or with visa-on-arrival privileges. The Henley Passport Index and the Passport Index are commonly used sources for passport strength rankings. Currently the 4th strongest passport in the world, as of 2023.

Danish Passport Cover
Danish Passport Cover

Neighbouring Countries

Country FlagCountry Official Name
Flag of GermanyBundesrepublik Deutschland
Denmark Country Profile
Denmark Country Profile