Georgetown, Guyana

Georgetown, Guyana


Georgetown is the capital and largest city of Guyana, South America. Georgetown is situated at the mouth of the Demerara River and serves as the administrative and economic centre of Guyana.

Georgetown is nicknamed as the “Garden City of the Caribbean.” Serving as the primary hub for retail, administration, and financial services in the country, the city significantly contributes to Guyana’s GDP.

Georgetown faces several environmental challenges, including coastal erosion, rising sea levels, and flooding exacerbated by inadequate drainage systems and urban development.

Georgetown Toponymy

Georgetown was named in honour of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland

Brief History of Georgetown

Georgetown was originally inhabited by indigenous Amerindian tribes such as the Arawaks and Caribs. The Dutch were the first Europeans to establish a presence in the area in the early 17th century. They founded the colony of Essequibo in the region.

In the 18th century, After the Napoleonic Wars in 1814, Britain took control of Guyana from the Dutch. Georgetown was established in 1781 by the British as a small town called Stabroek.

The town was named after the then-president of the Dutch Republic, Nicolaas Geelvinck, Lord of Stabroek. The name was later changed to Georgetown in honour of King George III of England.

Georgetown grew rapidly during the 19th century due to the booming sugar industry. Large sugar plantations surrounded the city, and Georgetown became a major centre for trade and commerce. The city’s layout and architecture were influenced by British colonial planning principles.

After the abolition of slavery in the British Empire in 1834, Georgetown experienced significant demographic changes. Indentured labourers from India, China, and Portugal were brought in to work on the sugar plantations, leading to a diverse population.

Guyana gained independence from Britain in 1966, and Georgetown remained its capital. However, political instability and economic challenges characterized much of the post-independence period.

Georgetown has retained its significance as the political, economic, and cultural heart of Guyana.

Georgetown’s Sister Cities

A sister city is a concept that promotes cultural, economic, and educational ties between two cities, typically in different countries. The purpose of establishing sister-city relationships is to foster international cooperation, understanding, and friendship.

Georgetown has several sister cities designated by Sister Cities International:

  • St. Louis, Missouri, United States
  • Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
Georgetown, Guyana
Georgetown, Guyana