Bhopal is the capital city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of both Bhopal district and Bhopal division.
Bhopal has an average elevation of 500 metres and is located in the central part of India, just north of the upper limit of the Vindhya mountain ranges.
Bhopal was founded in 1707, as the capital of the former Bhopal State, a princely state of the British ruled by the Nawabs of Bhopal.
The estimated population of Bhopal is 2.4 Million, as of 2020.
The city attracted international attention in December 1984 after the Bhopal disaster, when a Union Carbide India Limited pesticide manufacturing plant leaked a mixture of deadly gases composed mainly of methyl isocyanate, leading to one of the worst industrial disasters in the world’s history.
Bhopal was selected as one of the first twenty Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi’s flagship Smart Cities Mission.
The Museum of Mankind in Bhopal exhibits tribal and folk houses from all corners of India.
Bhopal was also rated as the cleanest state capital city in India for three consecutive years, 2017, 2018 and 2019.
The city has the third largest bus rapid system corridor in the country, known as the BRTS.
Bhopal has a humid subtropical climate, with cool, dry winters, a hot summer and a humid monsoon season.