The Continent of Antarctica is the Fifth largest continent behind Asia, Africa, North America, and South America, Measuring approximately 14 million km², which is around 8.9% of the planet Earth’s land and 2.7% of the planet’s Surface.
The Antarctica borders are surrounded by the Southern Ocean. The Eastern side of Antarctica is higher than the West. The Highest point is Vinson Massif, which measures 4,897 m.
There is no native population in Antarctica, only visitors during the summer and scientists.
The Majority of Mammals found on or in the seas surrounding Antarctica, such as Seals, Orcas, Penguins and Whales, due to conditions on Antarctica, it makes it hard for any vegetation to survive the conditions, which means only invertebrates such as mites and lice can be found in Antarctica’s land.
The Antarctica Treaty of 1959 was signed by twelve countries: the United Kingdom was the first to sign the treaty followed by Argentine, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the United States of America and The Soviet Union/ Russia.
The treaty was signed on the 1st of December 1959, and states:
- that the Antarctic can only be used for peaceful purposes, with no fortifications, military manoeuvres and no weapon testing.
- Any nuclear explosions in Antarctica and the disposal there of radioactive waste material shall be prohibited.
- No Mining in Antarctica.
- guarantees continued freedom to conduct scientific research.
More Information about the Antarctic treaty can be found here: bas.ac.uk/about/Antarctica
List of All Countries in Antarctica
There are No Countries On the Continent of Antarctica
List of Antarctic Territorial claims
|Australian Antarctic Territory||160°E–142°2′E|
|Chilean Antarctic Territory||53°W–90°W||Chile||1940|
|Ross Dependency||150°W–160°E||New Zealand||1923|
|Peter I Island||68°50′S 90°35′W||Norway||1929|
|Queen Maud Land||44°38′E–20°W||Norway||1939|
|British Antarctic Territory||20°W–80°W||United Kingdom||1908|
Antarctic territorial claims
|Claimants||Extent of overlap|
|Between Argentina & United Kingdom||25°W–53°W|
|Between Argentia, Chile & United Kingdom||53°W–74°W|
|Between Chile & United Kingdom||74°W–80°W|
Antarctic territorial Unclaimed
|Marie Byrd Land||90°W–150°W|
Unofficial Flag of Antarctica
Antarctica has no universally recognized flag as the condominium that governs the continent has not yet formally selected one, although some individual Antarctic programs have formally adopted True South as the flag of the continent.